# Energy analysis of magnetic structural states of the Potts model

### DOI: 10.31029/demr.17.4

Based on the Wang-Landau algorithm, the Monte Carlo method was used to perform an energy analysis of the magnetic structures of the ground state of the two-dimensional Potts model with the number of spin states $q=4$ on a triangular lattice, taking into account the exchange interactions of the first $J_1$ and second $J_2$ nearest neighbors. The studies were carried out for the value of the interaction of the second nearest neighbors in the interval $-2.0 \leq J_2 \leq 0.0$. The magnetic structures of the ground state are determined for different values of the interaction of the second nearest neighbors. It is found that a change in the magnitude of the interaction of the second nearest neighbors in this model leads to a change in the magnetic ordering.

Keywords: Monte Carlo method, Wang-Landau algorithm, frustration.

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